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Beauceron: Dog Breed - Four Paws

The Beauceron French Shepherd is an old herding breed bred to guard the home and protect pastures from large predators. They are rare guests in the Russian latitudes, which is why they are of even greater interest among fans of exotic dogs.


Beauceron character


Getting a Beauceron puppy is a huge responsibility both to the animal and to the surrounding people. These are large, very strong, serious dogs with specific habits, ignorance of which can lead to unpredictable consequences:

  1. They cannot be kept in a city apartment, even with a large area. The breed is distinguished by a rather violent disposition if it does not receive an outlet for the accumulated energy. The ideal option is a street aviary in a private house with a spacious insulated booth.
  2. Beaucerons genetically received the instinct of a guard: a stranger approaching their territory, they will smell and hear on the way. The attitude towards strangers on the street is wary, up to a quiet growl if the "comfort zone" is touched.
  3. It is better not to leave the dog alone with small children, despite the status of an attentive and responsible nanny. In a fit of active play, a four-legged friend will easily knock down even an adult, not to mention a fragile child.
  4. At home, the Beauceron is a prestigious service breed that has proven itself well in police or army drill. Despite the difficulties in education, any commands are eventually executed strictly, including at the risk of life.
  5. This brutal Frenchman grows up slowly, and in terms of the number of infantile antics, he will give odds to the German shepherd. Up to 3-4 years of life, excessive playfulness and deliberate inattention are allowed, requiring patience and a confident hand of the owner.
  6. Relationships with other pets directly follow from education. If the dog was socialized in time, giving the necessary amount of love and attention, there will be no problems. If not, don't be surprised at regular fights over a bowl of food.


History of the breed

Geneticists are still speculating about exactly when the breed originated and who its ancestors were. The fact is that not the slightest similar description was found in Western Europe until the Renaissance, which means that dogs were formed naturally strictly within the borders of modern France. This fact makes them among the dogs a kind of "endemic" and national pride, which laid the foundation for many other breeds.

The first detailed description is considered to be a 1578 monastic treatise on farming and hunting. There, the dogs were called Berger de Beauce, that is, "shepherds from Bos", after the name of a small commune in Brittany. Interestingly, they were classified as universal peasant helpers, able to go hunting if necessary, guard the house from uninvited guests, or even protect the wagon when attacked by hungry wolves.

The debut at French exhibitions took place in 1863, when the Parisian beau monde first saw the harsh shepherd dogs brought from the northern lands. They demonstrated a truly Nordic calmness and an extreme degree of obedience, following every command. At that time, breeders developed two looks - short-haired from Bose, as well as breeding individuals with slightly elongated hair, bred in the northeastern commune of Bree.

It was wool that became a stumbling block at the time of official recognition. It took almost 30 years for the breeders to be included in the national registry, but the British-American colleagues were in no hurry to register a new breed. Even the end of the Second World War did not become a weighty argument - only in 1963, the Kennel Clubs on both sides of the Atlantic decided on recognition, but only short-haired dogs from Bos were honored - hence the name.

It is not easy to buy a Beauceron puppy in Russia. Due to the exotic status of the breed, the market value of a pet-class pet reaches 500 euros, and show specimens will cost several times more. At the same time, it is necessary to verify each document or certificate “to the line” in order to protect yourself and the health of the dog from unscrupulous breeders. For inexperienced owners, the presence of a qualified dog handler is recommended.


Breed features

The Beauceron breed standard was last revised in 2006. Breeders still have doubts about a number of acceptable colors and the shape of the skull.


Appearance

  • FCI Register - Group 1, Section 1 (Shepherd Dogs)
  • Height at the withers - up to 68 cm (girls), up to 72 cm (boys)
  • Weight - up to 50 kg
  • Coat color - strictly two options are allowed. The first is even black with red tan marks around the mouth, above the eyes and on the inner surface of the paws. The second - the so-called "Harlequin" - tricolor, with the addition of white or "gray" gray in the form of chaotic spots all over the body - from the muzzle or head to the croup.
  • The tail is long, in a calm state it can fall just below the hock. Abundantly covered with dense undercoat, visually fluffier than the rest of the body.

Outwardly, the French Shepherd is a large, athletically built dog with a pointed muzzle, even paws, hanging ears and a harmonious bearing. In profile, the hock gives a trademark "trapeze", but the croup is not narrowed, as in a number of other herding breeds.


Beauceron and Doberman - what's the difference?

  1. These two breeds are not just similar to each other, the French Shepherd is a direct ancestor of the relatively popular Doberman in Russia. Nevertheless, there is a difference not only in external features, but also in the peculiarities of behavior with the owner or strangers:
  2. The muzzle of Dobermans is narrower and slightly more elongated with a pronounced nose.
  3. The tail and ears are docked only for Dobermans, procedures are prohibited for Beaucerons.
  4. Both breeds boast a similar set of paws and a moderately massive chest. At the same time, barefoot is much larger around the circumference of the croup.
  5. Beauceron is much better suited for guard work. He barks less over trifles, giving a loud bass voice only when a stranger approaches.
  6. Dobermans, unfortunately, much more often top the lists of breeds found to be excessively aggressive towards humans. Their genetic ancestor is much more balanced.


Health and disease

Owners in love with working dogs will tell many fantastic stories about the good health of the Beauceron. Dogs are actually extremely hardy, do not complain about temperature changes or cold, and are resistant to a number of typical canine diseases. Any problems are a direct consequence of a frivolous attitude towards a pet and a lack of physical activity.

Common Beauceron diseases experienced by owners include:

  • Volvulus;
  • Dysplasia of the elbow joint;
  • Bloating
  • retinal atrophy;
  • Heart rhythm disturbances.

The French Shepherd lives on average 11-13 years, with the age of extinction starting from the fifth year of life. If a young dog needs only one visit to the veterinarian a year, then an aging four-legged friend needs preventive examinations every six months, and in the presence of serious ailments that require timely office procedures - much more often.


Education and training

Beauceron will have to be trained from the first months of life. Given the size of the pet and how quickly it grows, the missed parenting period will certainly lead to problems. They suffer from excessive aggressiveness only in retaliation for the assault of a person, but the overwhelming majority have stubbornness and uncontrollability at crucial moments.

The future owner should consider the following:

  1. Shepherd genes occasionally wake up to gently nibble on the ankles of their beloved owner when walking. It suits someone, but it is better to immediately wean from this.
  2. Age for the first trainings for elementary teams - 3-4 months. A six-month-old boss should ideally understand what a person requires of him.
  3. A low growl at the approach of a stranger on the street cannot be corrected even by caress and socialization. The breed trusts only those with whom it lives under the same roof.
  4. For walking in the city, a strong leash and a durable reinforced muzzle are required . The dog should get used to wearing them.
  5. From the age of 10 months, owners are recommended to undergo a general training course under the patronage of an experienced cynologist. It will definitely not be superfluous, given the vagaries of the breed.


Recommended Care

  1. On the one hand, caring for a Beauceron is simple, on the other, it is rather dreary. They are extremely clean by nature, but cosmetic procedures still cannot be avoided:
  2. The most vulnerable spot of a pet is hanging ears. They must be checked at the time of going out for a long walk and immediately after returning.
  3. Moderately short coat with a permissible length of up to 3 cm along the back and on the tail requires weekly grooming. The breed sheds once a year, without reference to a specific season.
  4. Long walks are often harmful to the eyes due to accumulated dust. Wipe them with special lotions .
  5. Bathing with shampoo for short-haired dogs - no more than once a month. The boss is unlikely to show joy from water procedures, but one cannot do without them.
  6. Nail trimming is calculated individually. Some individuals do not need it at all - everything wears off on its own with frequent walking.
  7. You can not constantly keep the Beauceron on the chain: prolonged chafing from the collar damages the structure of the coat and provokes the formation of large bald spots.


Recommended feed


French Shepherd should be fed based on size, body weight and veterinarian indications. Service Beaucerons are fed exclusively dry, again - depending on the needs.


  1. High quality, balanced dry food, selected according to the characteristics of the breed. It is not recommended to buy cheap food below the super-premium and  holistic categories .
  2. Natural treats  to enrich the diet with  vitamins and minerals , to naturally  clean teeth  and encourage training.


conclusions


Beauceron is a breed that is extremely atypical for Russian breeders, requiring special attention, respect from a person and care:

  • These are primarily working and service dogs, not intended for life in a city apartment. They need a spacious country house with an aviary.
  • Their brutal appearance does not make them dangerous for children, but it is better not to leave a human child alone with such an active animal without supervision.
  • It will take a lot of time to train, but the result will exceed any expectations.
  • Beaucerons are unpretentious in care and have good health. Bathing with shampoo - no more than once a month, so as not to disturb the structure of the coat.
  • In no case should you keep a four-legged friend on a chain, primarily because of physiological characteristics.
  • Sometimes the breed needs the services of a professional cynologist in order to correct the behavior.

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